Canonical, the publisher of the open source operating system Ubuntu, announced on April 22 the release of version 21.04 of Ubuntu. This release adds native Microsoft Active Directory integration and an application development SDK. Separately, Canonical and Microsoft announced performance optimization and joint support for Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu, which means that the Microsoft SQL Server database management system (DBMS) and its command-line interface ( CLI) are now available on Ubuntu images optimized for Azure and that’s not all. The release also supports Microsoft Active Directory, a centralized domain management directory service developed by Microsoft for Windows domain networks.
Native Active Directory integration and certification of Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu are top priorities for our business customers, said Canonical CEO Mark Shuttleworth. For developers and innovators, Ubuntu 21.04 offers Wayland and Flutter for smoother graphics and clean, beautiful, design-driven cross-platform development. Below is an overview of Ubuntu, Microsoft Active Directory and Microsoft SQL Server.
Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on Debian and consists mainly of free and open source software. It is released every six months, with Long Term Support (LTS) releases every two years. It’s a popular operating system for cloud computing, with support for OpenStack. Ubuntu’s default desktop is GNOME, since version 17.10.
Active Directory (AD) is a directory service developed by Microsoft for Windows domain networks. It is included in most Windows Server operating systems as a set of processes and services. Note that under Windows, a server running the Active Directory Domain Service (AD DS) role is called a domain controller. It authenticates and authorizes all users and computers in a Windows domain type network. Assign and apply security policies for all computers. It also manages and stores information, provides authentication and authorization mechanisms, and establishes a framework for deploying other related services: certificate services, Active Directory federation services, lightweight directory services, and rights management. With Ubuntu 21.04, Ubuntu machines can now join an Active Directory (AD) domain during installation for centralized configuration. AD administrators can now manage Ubuntu desktops, simplifying compliance with corporate policies.
Microsoft SQL Server is a relational DBMS developed by Microsoft. As a database server, it is software whose main function is to store and retrieve data at the request of other software applications, which may be running on the same computer or on another computer. through a network (including the Internet). Microsoft markets at least a dozen different editions of Microsoft SQL Server, aimed at different audiences and workloads ranging from small single-user applications to large Internet-based applications with many concurrent users. Microsoft SQL Server on Ubuntu offers an optimized and cost effective database platform. Canonical and Microsoft will provide integrated support for Ubuntu with Microsoft SQL Server deployed on-premises or through Azure Marketplace for critical workloads.
The joint solution comes with performance enhancements, such as Force Unit Access (FUA) on XFS file systems for data durability. Persistent memory provides high performance data storage without additional configuration. Finally, the entire platform is highly available, backed by Corosync and Pacemaker, to ensure resilience,” says Canonical.
Flutter and Wayland: a smoother graphical experience
Ubuntu 21.04 uses Wayland by default, a significant advance in security. Firefox, OBS Studio, and many applications built with Electron and Flutter automatically take advantage of Wayland, for smoother graphics and better split scaling. The instant build integration of the Flutter SDK makes it easy to publish cross-platform Flutter apps for one-click installation by millions of Linux desktop users.
Ubuntu machines can join an Active Directory (AD) domain during installation for centralized configuration. AD administrators can now manage Ubuntu desktops, simplifying compliance with corporate policies. Ubuntu 21.04 brings the ability to configure system settings from an AD domain controller. Using a Group Policy Client, system administrators can specify security policies on all connected clients, such as password policies and user access control, as well as environment settings desktop, such as the login screen, background, and favorite applications. It’s crazy smart, says a Linux enthusiast.
While for some system administrators the integration of Microsoft tools on the Debian distribution of Linux is a smart concept, for others it could mean an increase in the workload of system administrators. The big problem with adopting Linux in Windows environments is that if you introduce a Linux computer, you either have to put the management infrastructure in place or run it as an unmanaged workstation. The first solution increases the workload of system administrators and the second makes the machine non-compliant with company policies , indicates an informed Internet user.
Making Ubuntu work with Active Directory and Group Policy makes it the “canonical” Linux distribution on Windows stores, he quips. Canonical did the same by making Ubuntu the default Linux distribution on WSL. This prompted Windows software developers to choose Ubuntu for deploying server code.
What do you think of Microsoft Active Directory integration and Microsoft SQL Server support on Ubuntu?
Is the integration of Microsoft tools on a Linux distribution not detrimental to the open source community?
What do you think are the advantages or disadvantages of such a project?
See as well :
Ubuntu makes Flutter a default choice for future desktop applications, Canonical wants to bet on the future of the free and open source UI development framework offered by Google
Canonical releases Ubuntu Core 20 which offers secure Linux for IoT devices
Can the Linux Lite distribution based on Ubuntu replace Windows on the desktop? Version 5.0 (code name: Emerald) is available for download
Researchers secretly tried to add vulnerabilities to the Linux kernel and ended up getting banned